Tuesday 01st of October 2002 09:19 PM 
 
Monuments & Memorials to the Boer War

Click on thumbnails to view larger images

Aylesbury Boer War Memorial Bedford Boer War Memorial Boorowa Boer War Memorial
Aylesbury Boer War Memorial
Market Square, Aylesbury, England.
Bedford Boer War Memorial
Bedford, United Kingdom
Boorowa Boer War Memorial
Boorowa, New South Wales, Australia1
Source: War Memorials in Australia
Boer War Memorial - Calgary, Canada Boer War rotunda, Charters Towers Darlington Boer War memorial
Calgary South African War Memorial, Calgary, Canada
Erected in 19112
Charters Towers Boer War Memorial Rotunda
Lissner Park, Charters Towers, (north) Queensland, Australia (built in 1910).
Darlington Boer War Memorial
Darlington, England.
Boer War Memorial between Dullstroom and Lydenburg Dunedin Boer War memorial - New Zealand Guernsey Boer War Memorial, St Peter Port
Dullstroom/Lydenburg3
Dunedin Boer War Memorial
Oval, Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand
4
Guernsey Boer War Memorial
St Julian's Avenue, Saint Peter Port, Bailiwick of Guernsey.
Hamilton Victorian Mounted Rifles Memorial - Victoria, Australia Hebburn Hall Monument Hemmant  Boer War Memorial - Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Hamilton Victorian Mounted Rifles Memorial - Victoria, Australia5
Hebburn Hall Boer War Monument Situated at Hebburn Hall & Park, Hebburn, in the north of England.
Hemmant Boer War Memorial
Hemmant, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Dedicated to Lance Corporal John Harry Anning, who died in the War in 1901.

Invercargill Boer War Memorial - New Zealand

King's Park Memorial - Western Australia Leicester Boer War Memorial - England
Invercargill Boer War Memorial
Designed by Newton Vane, the monument has a drinking fountain, but the clock was added later.
Source: NZHistory Net
King's Park Memorial
Kings Park, Perth, Western Australia.
Leicester Boer War Memorial6
London Ontario  Memorial Mafeking Memorial Statue - Casino, NSW, Australia Boer War Memorial Fountain, Nowra, NSW, Australia
Boer War Memorial
London, Ontario, Canada
Mafeking Monument - Casino, New South Wales, Australia. Commemorates the Siege and Relief of Mafeking.
Boer War Memorial Fountain - Nowra, NSW, Australia7
Paeroa Boer War Memorial - New Zealand Paeroa Boer War Memorial - New Zealand Memorial plaque at Red Deer Memorial Hospital, Red Deer, Alberta, Canada
Paeroa Boer War Memorial
Paeroa's Boer War memorial in memory of George Bradford, the first New Zealand soldier to die in a foreign war. The monument was originally a fountain.
Source: NZHistory Net
Ranfurly Veterans' Home National Boer War Memorial
Situated in Three Kings, Auckland, the home was the idea of Lord Ranfurly, Governor-General of New Zealand (1897 - 1904).
Source: NZHistory Net
Red Deer Memorial Hospital - Red Deer, Alberta, Canada8
Reddersburg Civic Monument Rotorua Boer War Memorial - New Zealand Sarnia Memorial fountain
Reddersburg Civic Monument to Boer Soldiers Killed in the War
Rotorua Boer War Memorial
Rotorua, New Zealand.
Source: NZHistory Net
Sarnia Boer War Fountain, Sarnia, Ontario, Canada
Stands behind the library in Sarnia. Dedicated to 16 men who fought in South Africa, 1899 to 1901, is, probably, the oldest in the country. It was erected largely through donations from Lambton school children.
Memorial to Locals KIA - Tumut, New South Wales, Australia Tynemouth Memorial
St Kilda Memorial
St Kilda Rd, St Kilda, Melbourne Victoria, Australia.
Tumut, New South Wales, Australia
Memorial to locals Killed-in-action in the War.
Tynemouth Boer War Memorial, Tynemouth, United Kingdom.
Designed by A.B. Plummer, this memorial was unveiled on the 13th October 1903, by William S.F. Brodrick.
Waimate Boer War Memorial - New Zealand Williamstown Memorial - South Australia
Waimate Boer War Troopers' Memorial. Features the figure of Zealandia. The masons were the Dunedin partnership of Bergamini and Reid.
Source: NZHistory Net
Williamstown Boer War Memorial, Williamstown, South Australia9
Source: War Memorials in Australia
Scottish Horse Memorial.
Caledonia Hill, Kensington Ridge in Johannesburg
10
Source: Transvaal Scottish-related Monuments
Boer War Memorial, Dublin    
Boer War Memorial, Dublin. Nicknamed 'Traitor's Arch' by nationalist elements of the time.
Thanks to David Truesdale for image and information.
   

Notes

1The memorial is a red granite obelisk on a concrete base and is enclosed by an iron paling fence on a concrete wall.
Boorowa was formerly spelt Burrowa.

South face
In Memory Of
GRANVILLE THOMAS
COOPER
NATIVE OF BURROWA
KILLED IN ACTION AT
MOLOFO OTTOSHOOP
SOUTH AFRICA
OCTOBER 12 1900


On section below
BURROWA'S TRIBUTE TO
AUSTRALIAN GALLANTRY
AND DEVOTION

Source:
< http://www.skp.com.au/memorials/20036.htm>


2The plaque reads:

In honour of the brave men
of the province of Alberta
who in the South African War
of 1894-1903 gave their lives
for their country's honour.
This monument is erected by
the citizens of Calgary. 1914.



3Between Dullstroom and Lydenburg, there is a British memorial bearing the following inscription:

Honour the Brave. Erected by all ranks of the 1st Battalion Manchester Regiment in affectionate remembrance of their comrades who were killed or died of wounds received in action near this spot on the night of the 19th December 1901. Killed and buried near this place:

Sgt. F Ford
Sgt. A Davies
Pte. P Bohin
Pte. H Holmes
Pte. W Frost
Pte. R Brundritt
Pte. R Redford (Bedford on his actual metal cross grave marker)
Died of wounds and buried elsewhere:
Maj. ATP Hudson
Cl. Sgt T Martin
Pte. W Fleet

Just across the road is a large soapstone sculpture of a cut-down tree trunk. On it is the following (translated from Afrikaans):

Re-buried at Bergendal on 29 Aug. 1970:

J.J Krige
H.J.J van Vuuren
D.J Coetzee
L.J van der Merwe
A.J du Preez
W van Zyl
M Coetzee
S.F Malan
In memory of the fallen Burghers who died and were buried here in the War 1899-1902 on 19/12 1901. And the rest, buried in various places in the southern districts are 31 in number.


4The inscription reads:
"Memorial to Otago's Fallen Soldiers who died in South Africa, under the flag, during the Boer War 1899-1902."
Twelve officers and 29 Otago men are named on the memorial.
Designed and erected by an Italian, Carlo Bergamini.


5In 1901 an appeal was made to the residents of Hamilton for finance to erect a monument in memory of those members of the local Victorian Mounted Rifles who had fallen in South Africa. The appeal was initiated by members of the H Company, V.M.R., to perpetuate the patriotism of the members of their company who lost their lives in the Transvaal. A committee, established at a public meeting held on June 1, 1900, was given the responsibility of selecting a suitable site and design. They recommended that a monument be placed in Market Square, and chose a design which Messrs, Wooles and Carpenter, stonemasons of Warrnambool, agreed to erect at a cost of 225. [Wooles and Carpenter were erecting a soldiers' memorial at Camperdown at the time.]
The design chosen was substantial and emblematic. The Hamilton Spectator reported:

The foundations are of concrete, on which rests a solid block of rubbed bluestone, 10 feet square. This bears eight pillars, or standards, also in bluestone, shaped to represent cartridges, each three feet high, and looped together with a ball and spike chain. Then comes another step, which supports the real base of the monument. This consists of a solid mass of bluestone worked in rustic fashion, so as to represent a number of rocks piled together and cemented, the idea having been taken from the heaps of loose stones which our soldiers in South Africa heaped on the spot where they had buried a comrade in the battlefield. This block is 5 feet square and 2 feet 6 inches high. Next above this is a mass of Sicilian (Carrara) marble, the front panel bearing in relief the monogram V.M.R., surmounted with a crown, and enclosed with a laurel wreath with streamers and a knot in the centre, the whole device being worked in raised marble. The second moulded piece is also in marble with a carved scroll on three sides for the reception of the names of present or future dead. The names will be carved in the stone and leaded. The obelisk, or tapering pillar, which completes the design, is of red imported granite in one piece, measuring 10 feet in height, the whole structure reaching an elevation of 19 feet.. . the structure will in colour embody a combination of red, white and blue.

The site chosen for the erection of the monument was on Market Square, opposite Alexandra College (now Alexandra House), where it was dedicated in mid - 1902. At that time the memorial was inscribed with the names of Lieutenant R. S. Staypleton-Bree, Privates T. Stock, F. Suttie, H. Sealey and D. Ross, all Hamilton district men who had lost their lives in 1900. At a later date, the name of Private F. Meagher, who died in 1903, was added.
When Market Square was undergoing transformation in 1908 to create Melville Oval, the Memorial was moved a short distance to its present location at the corner of Milton and Shakespeare Streets. After World War 1, a wreath laying ceremony has heen held at the Memorial on each Anzac Day, as part of the day's ceremonies.


6The Leicester and Leicestershire South African War (1899-1901) Memorial was unveiled by Field Marshall Lord Grenfell on Thursday July 1, 1909. Designed by Crossland McClare, the monument is in memory of the three hundred men from the county who fell in South Africa.
The principal figure is a statue of Peace, her right hand stretching an olive branch over the world, while in her left she holds a sheathed sword. The left figure depicts the horrors of War while the right shows two figures, abandoned to despair, kneeling amongst ruins.

Source:
<http://homepage.ntlworld.com/max.matthews/thsq.htm>


7The Boer War Memorial Fountain, also known as the 'Mafeking' or 'Baden-Powell' Memorial is located on the lawn of Rauch Park in Junction Street, Nowra, New South Wales, Australia. Originally located at the front of the School of Arts this marble memorial was moved to Rauch Park in 1962. Public subscription for this memorial was promoted by the Mafeking Memorial Committee which was formed in May 1900
"...to mark the brave defence of Mafeking by Colonel Baden-Powell by a permanent memorial in the form of a drinking fountain in front of the School of Arts..."

The Memorial, imported from the famous Carrara quarries in Italy, arrived in Nowra at the end of 1901. It is made of white marble and was erected by Mr Dudgeon, the local Monumental Mason, during the second week of January 1902. It stands an estimated three metres above the ground and is mounted on a concrete slab, 1.8m square and 30cm in height. The one metre bowl is 100cm from the base which is 55cm square. The block above the bowl measures 41cm.

The sculpture on top of the memorial appears to include guns, drum, hat, flag, wreath, cannon and cannonball. On the North side of the memorial, above the inscription is a carving of two guns crossed with a wreath entwined.
The inscription reads:

TO OUR SOLDIERS
IN
SOUTH AFRICA
1899-1902
MAFEKING
KIMBERLEY
LADYSMITH


8The Red Deer Memorial Hospital was opened in 1904. It was built to commemorate four Red Deer men who lost their lives in the South Afican War. Several additions have been made in later years and the building is now part of the west wing of the Municipal Hospital.

The inscription of the dedication plaque in the Hospital reads.

RED DEER MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
TO COMMEMORATE THE PATRIOTISM OF
CHARLES CRUIKSHANK
ARCHIE MCNICHOL
ANGUS JENKINS
MEMBERS OF THE STRATHCONA HORSE
WHO FELL IN DEFENSE OF THE EMPIRE
IN SOUTH AFRICA
1901

Lord Strathcona gave $1000 to Red Deer for the building of a Memorial to the memory of the three men listed, who were from the Balmoral District. The fund led to the opening of the Red Deer Memorial Hospital in 1904 at a cost of $2500 (see image below).

Original Red Deer Memorial Hospital


9The memorial is a white marble column at the top of which is a draped urn sitting on a carved shroud. Below the shroud are carved flowers and below this a hand, emerging from a wreath and holding an open book

South face
Erected to the Memory
of

on pages of book
PRIVATE-
W. E. SMITH
ONCE A RESIDENT
OF WILLIAMSTOWN
WHO WAS KILLED IN
BATTLE AGAINST THE
BOERS AT ARUNDEL
FEB 21 S.AFRICA 1900


below hand
Also In Memory of
OTHER SOUTH AUSTRALIANS
WHO WERE SLAIN


10 On Caledonia Hill, one of the the kopjies along Kensington Ridge in Johannesburg, is the site of the Scottish Horse Memorial. In times of need, as when vandals damaged the name plaques in 1961, the Transvaal Scottish provided assistance in keeping with their links to the now-defunct Scottish Horse.

This granite memorial, just to the east of Jeppe Boys’ High School, is reached by a flight of stone steps leading up from Highland Road, Kensington. The site offers magnificent views towards the city and of the surrounding kopjies. In the shape of an Iona Cross with a superimposed sword (a 16th Century two-handed true claymore or claidheamhmor), the memorial proudly bears the Scottish shield of lion rampant and royal treasure. The panels (first bronze, now stone) record the names of twelve officers, nine sergeants, five corporals, three lance corporals, forty-three troopers and four Zulu scouts who were "killed in action and died of wounds in the South African War 1901-2". These included two officers commanding the 2nd Scottish Horse, and the adjutants of 1st and 2nd Scottish Horse. Also commemorated are the one officer, fourteen NCOs and 33 troopers who died "from disease or accident". (In view of the dates noted above it is curious that the memorial also bears the inscription "Nemo me impune lacessit 1900".)

This Boer War memorial is dedicated as follows:

In memory of Officers non commissioned officers and men killed in action and died of wounds in the South African War 1901 - 2.
Troopers killed in action and died of wounds
Officers non commissioned officers and men who died from disease or accident.

 

Monuments without Images

Hildebrandt Monument
On the Burgerspan Road, 5km out of town. Commemorating the southern most skirmish of the Anglo-Boer war.



Ingham 'Mafeking Tree'
A Black Bean. - Castanospermum Australi - was planted on the 24th May, 1900. as a community gesture to celebrate the relief of the beseiged city of Mafeking, held by British and Australian troops during the Boer War. The honour of planting the tree was accorded to the Ingham Telegraph Master, Mr. Stephen Tanzwell Simpson, whose son, Jack served in the forces beseiged in Mafeking. The first message which Mr. Simpson received by telegram was that his son had been wounded, no further details then being available as to his condition; but half an hour later a further telegram arrived advising of the relief of the city. Mr. Simpson immediately went out with William Harvey Snr, who woned a horse and dray, and with the assistance oftwo other men, Jack Driscoll and Harry Rickston, gathered wood in the old police paddock for the evening bonfire, and chose a Black Bean tree for the planting.
The Mafeking relief celebrations and the planting of the tree actually cost Mr. Simpson his life. He had been very ill when the celebrations were arranged, but insisted on taking part in the evening celebrations and left his bed to go to the bonfire and then later that night planted the tree. He rapidly developed complications and died three days later from a haemorrhage. Mr. Stephen Tanzwell Simpson had served in the British Army in the United Kingdom before coming to Australia and had taken up a position as Telegraph Master at Ingham. He became Telegraph Master just as the Ingham town area was beginning to take shape. It is on record that, when on three occasions he had been due for transfer, the people of the local community had presented petitions to have him retained.
On the 24th May, 1972, his younger son James Ingham Simpson, was invited to unveil a bronze plaque commemorating the planting of the tree 72 years earlier. Mr. James Ingham Simpson would have been 12 years of age at the time of planting and was 83 years of age when the plaque was unvieled.
The tree itself is now in the same position it was planted in, but this is now rather in the central position in the town, opposite the Police station, and for many years this was the gathering point for the Anzac Day Parade, and also for the Dawn Service on this day. the 25th April. Now the town has a war Memorial, where this service is held. But the tree, although out of it's natural habitat, is surviving quite well.
(My kind regards to Joan Birkett for this account)


Murray Bridge Mafeking Monument
There is a Mafeking memorial in the rural city of Murray Bridge about 80 km from Adelaide, South Australia. It is now located at the front of the Scout Hall of the 1st Murray Bridge Scouts. It was originally erected in Baden Powell Park just after Mafeking and was moved to its present site in the 1960's.
(My thanks to Graham Hill for this information)


 

Civic Memorials to the South African War in Victoria, Australia.

Albert Park Drinking fountain and column

Ararat Ornamental fountain

Bacchus Marsh Drinking fountain and column
Memorial at Bacchus Marsh, Victoria, Australia

Bairnsdale Column and spire

Ballarat Equestrian statue

Bendigo Soldier statue

Box Hill Obelisk, drinking fountain and streetlight

Brunswick Soldier statue

Byaduk Obelisk

Camperdown Soldier statue

Casterton Memorial lamp

Castlemaine Obelisk

Charlton Lamp on pedestal/Obelisk (originally a lamp, later changed to an obelisk)

Cheltenham Obelisk, drinking fountain and streetlight

Cudgewa Obelisk

Darraweit Guim Pillar and cross

Echuca Lamp on pedestal

Eldorado Broken column

Essendon Pillar

Geelong Obelisk

Geelong Gardens

Greta Broken column

Hamilton Obelisk

Heathcote Drinking fountain and streetlight

Horsham Avenue of Honor

Inverleigh Obelisk

Kerang Obelisk

Lake Rowan Column and urn

Learmonth Obelisk

Longwood Obelisk and streetlight

Mansfield Obelisk

Maryborough Drinking fountain and streetlight

Melbourne Ornamental pillar

Melton Memorial lamp

Mooroopna Column

Mortlake Obelisk

Murchison Obelisk

Nathalia Cairn

Parkville Obelisk

Pyramid Hill Obelisk

Rochester Lamp on pedestal

St Arnaud Drinking fountain and column

St Kilda Column, lamp and drinking fountain

Sale Drinking fountain

Sea Lake Broken column

Sorrento Cairn

South Melbourne Obelisk, drinking fountain and streetlight

Stawell Memorial gates

Talbot Column and urn

Violet Town Drinking fountain and streetlight

Wangaratta Drinking fountain and obelisk

72 other memorials that are not 'Civic' include Mafeking trees, marble plaques, brass tablets, stained glass windows, cairns and streetlamps, as well as additions, some as recent as 1992, to civic memorials erected to later wars.

Research resource: Phil Taylor, 'Pro Deo et Patria: A Survey of Victoria's Boer War Memorials'. Special Research Project, M.A. in Public History, Monash University, 1997.

Copies of the thesis are lodged at the History Faculty library at Monash University, Clayton, the library at Heritage Victoria, Melbourne, and the library at the Australian War Memorial.

 

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Links

Further Reading

Jones, H & M. A Gazetteer of the Second Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902. Milton Keynes: Military Press, 1999.

Watt, Steve. In Memoriam: Roll of Honour of Imperial Forces, Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902. Durban: University of Natal Press, 2000.
ISBN 0 86980 968 7